MMA 101

MMA 101

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As the sons of Vale Tudo legend Francisco “Master Indio” Silva, brothers Danillo and Yuri Villefort come from a prestigious fighting pedigree. Born and raised in Brazil, Danillo and Yuri have been training judo and BJJ since they were young boys. Now, both Blackzilians make their living in the cage—Yuri is signed with the UFC, while Danillo is on the WSOF roster.

This month, Danillo shows readers one of his favorite judo throws at the JACO Hybrid Training Center in Delray Beach, Florida.

1) Yuri (left) and Danillo (right) square off in orthodox stances.
2) Danillo closes the distance by throwing an overhand right.
3) Danillo digs an underhook with his right arm and grabs wrist control with his left hand. Danillo will maintain the underhook and wrist control throughout the throw.
4) Danillo begins to work knees to Yuri’s midsection.
5) Danillo maintains his underhook and wrist control. To keep Yuri in bad position, Danillo uses his head to block Yuri’s head.
6) Instead of throwing another knee, Danillo steps with his left foot to the outside of Yuri’s right foot and uses his underhook to drive Yuri off balance.
7) Danillo continues to drive forward, forcing Yuri to put all of his weight on his right leg. Danillo lifts his right leg off the mat to move into position to attack Yuri’s right leg.
8) Danillo slides his right leg to the outside of Yuri’s right leg, while popping his hips and sending Yuri airborne.
9) Danillo lands in full control, keeping the underhook and sliding his left hand from wrist control to elbow control.

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Why are there so many leg attacks in MMA? Because leg attacks offer the highest percentage takedown. However, lowering your level for a double- or single-leg can still leave you vulnerable for a knee to the face or the risk of being flattened by an opponent’s sprawl. If you want less risk, look to the trip. The inside trip uses a common upper-body clinch and good positioning to open up a high-percentage takedown attempt that limits negative consequences.

In this MMA 101, former All-American wrestlers Chad Mendes and Lance Palmer show readers how to set up and finish a variation of the inside trip.

1. Lance and Chad square-off in orthodox stances.

2. Chad throws a one-two combo (right hook pictured) to close the distance. You can throw any number of combos to close the gap.

3. Chad locks in an over-under. Chad’s left arm overhooks Lance’s right arm (notice Chad’s grip on the triceps). Chad digs an underhook with his right arm. Chad’s right leg is forward and splitting Lance’s legs.

4. Chad shoots forward and sweeps his heel in a clockwise motion to trap Lance’s foot in the crook of his knee. Chad simultaneously moves his head to the right side and cinches his right arm (elbow deep) around Lance’s left thigh. Chad maintains a tight grip on Lance’s right triceps and uses his upper body to drive through Lance.

5. Chad finishes the takedown by driving though into Lance’s guard.

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Cesar Gracie pupil Nate Diaz, with the assistance of welterweight Luke Gamaza, shows readers how he counters a single-leg shot with one of his favorite submissions—the reverse ude-garami, which is also known as the kimura.

1) Nate stands in a southpaw stance, while Luke stands in an orthodox stance.

2) Luke shoots a single-leg, with his head on the inside.

3) Nate stuffs Luke’s head toward the mat with both hands. This makes it difficult for Luke to get Nate’s leg off the mat to finish the single-leg.

4) To begin the kimura attack, Nate traps Luke’s head on his stomach by bending at the waist. Nate grabs Luke’s right wrist with his left hand. Nate begins to thread his right arm between Luke’s body and right arm.

5) Nate threads his right arm through Luke’s right arm and grabs his own wrist. Nate’s right hand is grabbing his own left wrist, while his left hand grabs Luke’s wrist (kimura grip).

6) Nate steps his left (free) leg parallel to his right leg. Nate’s right leg is between Luke’s legs.

7) Nate sits to his butt and forcibly kicks up with his right leg.

8) By kicking hard enough, Nate frees his right leg and flips Luke to his back. Nate continues to keep a strong kimura grip while perpendicular to Luke.

9) Nate uses his momentum to move into side control and force Luke’s arm to the ground.

10) To finish the submission, Nate lifts up on the kimura to turn Luke onto his side. Nate steps over Luke’s head with his right leg, leans back slightly, and puts pressure on Luke’s shoulder.

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