MMA 101

MMA 101

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As the sons of Vale Tudo legend Francisco “Master Indio” Silva, brothers Danillo and Yuri Villefort come from a prestigious fighting pedigree. Born and raised in Brazil, Danillo and Yuri have been training judo and BJJ since they were young boys. Now, both Blackzilians make their living in the cage—Yuri is signed with the UFC, while Danillo is on the WSOF roster.

This month, Danillo shows readers one of his favorite judo throws at the JACO Hybrid Training Center in Delray Beach, Florida.

1) Yuri (left) and Danillo (right) square off in orthodox stances.
2) Danillo closes the distance by throwing an overhand right.
3) Danillo digs an underhook with his right arm and grabs wrist control with his left hand. Danillo will maintain the underhook and wrist control throughout the throw.
4) Danillo begins to work knees to Yuri’s midsection.
5) Danillo maintains his underhook and wrist control. To keep Yuri in bad position, Danillo uses his head to block Yuri’s head.
6) Instead of throwing another knee, Danillo steps with his left foot to the outside of Yuri’s right foot and uses his underhook to drive Yuri off balance.
7) Danillo continues to drive forward, forcing Yuri to put all of his weight on his right leg. Danillo lifts his right leg off the mat to move into position to attack Yuri’s right leg.
8) Danillo slides his right leg to the outside of Yuri’s right leg, while popping his hips and sending Yuri airborne.
9) Danillo lands in full control, keeping the underhook and sliding his left hand from wrist control to elbow control.

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When Royce Gracie ushered in the MMA era at UFC 1 in 1993, he brought his unique brand of Gracie Jiu-Jitsu with him. Over the course of the next two years, Royce won 11 consecutive fights via submission on his way to championships at UFC 1, UFC 2, and UFC 3. With the help of Rodrigo Gracie for this month’s MMA 101, Royce reenacts two of his favorite submissions, the ARMBAR and REAR NAKED CHOKE, that he used inside the Octagon to beat seven opponents, including Ken Shamrock, Keith Hackney, and Kimo Leopoldo.

REAR NAKED CHOKE

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1) From a mounted position, Royce sits up and begins to strike Rodrigo.
2) As Rodrigo attempts to block the strikes, Royce grabs Rodrigo’s right wrist and pushes on his triceps. This forces Rodrigo’s elbow across his body.

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3) As he continues to control Rodrigo’s right wrist with his right hand, Royce lowers his chest to pin Rodrigo’s arm across his chest.
4) Royce reaches behind Rodrigo’s head and uses his left arm to trap Rodrigo’s right arm.

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5) By pulling with his left arm and pushing with his right arm, Royce begins to turn Rodrigo over.
6) Royce drives Rodrigo onto his stomach by pushing on his right triceps, pulling his right wrist, and using chest pressure.
7) Rodrigo is forced onto his stomach.

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8) Royce pulls up on Rodrigo’s forehead to create space and begins to snake his right arm in for the choke.
9) Royce moves his right arm across Rodrigo’s neck, while grabbing his left biceps.

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10)Royce removes his left hand from Rodrigo’s forehead and brings it behind his head. By pulling his elbows in and squeezing, Royce forces the tap.

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ARMBAR

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1) Royce has Rodrigo mounted, keeping his hands on the mat to maintain a good base.
2) Rodrigo pushes on Royce’s chest to initiate the escape.
3) As Rodrigo begins to roll to his left, Royce posts his left hand and left leg perpendicular to Rodrigo’s head.

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4) Using his right arm, Royce traps Rodrigo’s right arm and begins to slide to his right side while using his head and shoulder to post. Rodrigo has now rolled over to his hands and knees.
5) Royce brings his left leg over Rodrigo’s head, scissors his legs, and starts to extend Rodrigo’s arm.

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6) As Rodrigo stands up, Royce grips Rodrigo’s wrist with both hands, and pushes his own heels down, pops his hips upward, and forces the tap.

// PHOTOGRAPHY BY PAUL THATCHER

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Cesar Gracie pupil Nate Diaz, with the assistance of welterweight Luke Gamaza, shows readers how he counters a single-leg shot with one of his favorite submissions—the reverse ude-garami, which is also known as the kimura.

1) Nate stands in a southpaw stance, while Luke stands in an orthodox stance.

2) Luke shoots a single-leg, with his head on the inside.

3) Nate stuffs Luke’s head toward the mat with both hands. This makes it difficult for Luke to get Nate’s leg off the mat to finish the single-leg.

4) To begin the kimura attack, Nate traps Luke’s head on his stomach by bending at the waist. Nate grabs Luke’s right wrist with his left hand. Nate begins to thread his right arm between Luke’s body and right arm.

5) Nate threads his right arm through Luke’s right arm and grabs his own wrist. Nate’s right hand is grabbing his own left wrist, while his left hand grabs Luke’s wrist (kimura grip).

6) Nate steps his left (free) leg parallel to his right leg. Nate’s right leg is between Luke’s legs.

7) Nate sits to his butt and forcibly kicks up with his right leg.

8) By kicking hard enough, Nate frees his right leg and flips Luke to his back. Nate continues to keep a strong kimura grip while perpendicular to Luke.

9) Nate uses his momentum to move into side control and force Luke’s arm to the ground.

10) To finish the submission, Nate lifts up on the kimura to turn Luke onto his side. Nate steps over Luke’s head with his right leg, leans back slightly, and puts pressure on Luke’s shoulder.

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